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In this part of our website, you will find the rules of the games produced by Kaloumba, a short historic description and photos. Our approach is to discover all the games of the world and then share our knowledge. That's why we provide all the rules of the games we've made.
You can find old and recent games from different countries. Some of them are published and can be found in commerce while others have never been.

It's your turn now. Have a look at the photos, read the rules and then try to construct them.
Some games can be initially reproduced on a sheet of paper and then, if you like a game, reproduce it by constructing it according to your technical means...

WARNING: Some games may be protected against reproduction by patents, trademarks or international copyright laws. Their presence here does not in any way mean that they fall into the public domain. Any person wishing to use these rules for trade should carefully check any  conditions and commitments as set out by the authors or owners of the game concerned.The association assumes no responsibility.




Since when do humans play?
Prehistoric peoples probably played, but except for a few bones, no clear evidence has been found to date to certify the hypothesis.

The first traces of a game invented by humans were discovered in Europe, and refer to the Bronze Age (Chalcolithic period) nearly 7000 years ago. However, we have found nothing about the rules or the way the game is played.

In the Persian Gulf, we discovered the oldest game in the world: "The royal game of Ur”. s
The Assyrians invented this game more than 5000 years ago. It was a board game, with a board representing a course and pieces that players were moving. This game is preserved in a museum in London.

Archaeologists have also found evidence (paintings and frescoes) of puzzle games in Egypt and in the Babylonian civilization. During the ancient Greek period many games were invented, but no trace of games with coins was found. On the other hand, Roman games came to the surface and they maybe were identical to Greek games.

In Europe during the middle Age, there were mainly games of skill and outdoor games. But the relevant sources are not verified. In 1280 the king of Castile and Leon, "Alfonso X the Wise," wrote "The Book of Games", a collection of many games such as Chess or Alqueque.

sVarious books were written over the centuries, an encyclopedia was published in France in 1888.  The entire population played games, but some (cards, chess) were reserved for the bourgeoisie.
It was during the industrial revolution, around 1850, that the game known today as checkers or the game of goose spread. In 1980, the game industry experienced a revival in the West. Today, the game family of checkers is enormous and there are hundreds of games and even more variations around the world.

For centuries, games have crossed borders and oceans, through merchants, explorers or armies. All games, and especially those in Europe, were marked by a great foreign influence.


Games are a fun activity where you can relax and be entertained, but they also allow us to engage ourselves on a cultural, educational and social level:
- Games are universal. To explore other countries through their games is to encounter other cultures; we discover other ways of thinking.
The association has sought and recorded games of all origins and historic periods in order to work towards an understanding of world’s cultures.s
Whether it’s about skills, strategy or luck, games are a reflection of cultures and people from all around the world and their diversity offers us much information about their historical and symbolic origins.

Stimulating the imagination, the curiosity and the wonder we can feel while playing, games also contribute to the psychological and intellectual development of every individual. They make us think, choose and decide. They strengthen our capacity for concentration, self control and physical coordination.

In Europe, games were used as a teaching and educative tool for the first time in the nineteenth century. It was then realized that they reinforce children’s skills and contribute to their mental and motor development. In other regions, such as in Asia, games have been used as a learning instrument for a long time. Through our activities we create spaces for meetings around games, in a context of intergenerational and multicultural exchange. Games gather together different individuals, or a given group, around a moment of entertainment, relaxation and communication. But above all, playing requires following rules and respecting other players, so games can enhance solidarity and communication among people.
Our attempt is to contribute to the development and maintenance of social bonds.


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